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Friday, January 14

  1. page -Unit 8 edited Oral Exam Recording: Alive and Well: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Ancient_Music
    Oral Exam Recording:
    Alive and Well:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Ancient_Music
    (view changes)
    9:17 am
  2. file 110114_001.mp3 uploaded
    9:17 am

Thursday, January 6

  1. page -Unit 8 edited Alive and Well: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Ancient_Music The Academy of Ancient Mus…
    Alive and Well:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Ancient_Music
    The Academy of Ancient Music is an all period-instrument orchestra based out of London. All instruments are originals or reproductions of the instruments that would have been used in a baroque orchestra. The name of the group comes from an original organization from the 18th century. They play primarily baroque and classical music, although they also play some modern pieces written for baroque orchestra.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Early_music_groups
    This is a list of many early music groups that were or are currently active.
    http://new.oberlin.edu/conservatory/departments/historical-performance/index.dot
    This is a link to Oberlin Conservatory's historical performance department. Within the department, baroque violin, baroque cello / viola da gamba, baroque flute, baroque oboe, harpsichord, and recorder are all taught. All instruction for these instruments would be in reflection upon the music and techniques of the pre-classical era, creating an entire new generation of instrumentalists focusing upon early music.
    Influenced:

    O Brother Where Art Thou? sirens scene - The Odyssey told in a modern setting
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODlmEjZ8UFA
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    5:39 am

Monday, January 3

  1. page -Unit 7 edited ... Oliver Cromwell Italy: ... Italian inventor Evangelista Torricelli invented ... I Hasbu…
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    Oliver Cromwell
    Italy:
    ...
    Italian inventor Evangelista Torricelli invented
    ...
    I Hasburg.
    {400px-BartolomeoCristofori.jpg}
    Bartolomeo Cristofori

    Germany:
    In 1618 in Germany the Thirty Years War began. It was primarily sparked by tension between Protestants and Catholics. It ended in 1648, but it had devastated much of Germany and her population. Disease and famine were widespread, entire regions were denuded, and most of the strong German combatant powers went bankrupt. At the Battle of Vienna in 1683, the Holy Roman Empire put an end to the Westward expansion of the Ottoman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire's army in this battle lead the largest cavalry charge in the history of warfare. The empire came to an end starting in 1648 however, for in the Peace of Westphalia the various territories of the empire gained almost complete sovereignty. From 1740 onward, the political scene of Germany was dominated by the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Prussia.
    (view changes)
    6:30 am
  2. page -Unit 7 edited ... The baroque period in England was "an age of opulence". The arts flourished and adva…
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    The baroque period in England was "an age of opulence". The arts flourished and advances in the sciences allowed for better understanding for the natural world. Religious fervor during this period reached a climax and was further strengthened by the Protestant-Catholic conflict that resulted in war.
    One of the most important political figures of the baroque period was Oliver Cromwell. He began as a relatively unknown member of Parliament in 1640, but he quickly rose to power and played a vital role in the deposition and execution of the king in 1648 and the abolition of the monarchy and the House of Lords. Cromwell was the head of state for five years until 1658, and ruled as a civilian leader sharing power with the other institutions of government. During this period, the British had fantastic success in foreign policy and war. They gained control of Jamaica in 1655, Bombay in 1661, New Amsterdam in 1664 and Gilbraltar in 1704, while vying with other European countries for a claim to the Americas.
    {webkit-fake-url://DEA68CCC-9D2D-425B-863F-297969325663/OliverCromwell.jpg} OliverCromwell.jpg{OliverCromwell.jpg}
    Oliver Cromwell
    Italy:
    (view changes)
    6:29 am
  3. 6:28 am
  4. page -Unit 7 edited England: The baroque period in England was "an age of opulence". The arts flourished an…
    England:
    The baroque period in England was "an age of opulence". The arts flourished and advances in the sciences allowed for better understanding for the natural world. Religious fervor during this period reached a climax and was further strengthened by the Protestant-Catholic conflict that resulted in war.
    One of the most important political figures of the baroque period was Oliver Cromwell. He began as a relatively unknown member of Parliament in 1640, but he quickly rose to power and played a vital role in the deposition and execution of the king in 1648 and the abolition of the monarchy and the House of Lords. Cromwell was the head of state for five years until 1658, and ruled as a civilian leader sharing power with the other institutions of government. During this period, the British had fantastic success in foreign policy and war. They gained control of Jamaica in 1655, Bombay in 1661, New Amsterdam in 1664 and Gilbraltar in 1704, while vying with other European countries for a claim to the Americas.
    {webkit-fake-url://DEA68CCC-9D2D-425B-863F-297969325663/OliverCromwell.jpg} OliverCromwell.jpg
    Oliver Cromwell
    Italy:
    The baroque period in Italy was an incredible period of innovation both artistically and scientifically, even though there was much political failure in Italy during this time. The period began with the first opera, Euridice, being composed in 1600, and the first opera house opening in 1637. In 1610, Galileo used his newly invented telescope to explore features of the moon, Jupiter and her moons, and the Milky Way. Galileo was also developing his famous laws of motion. In 1632, Galileo published his famous Dialogue defending the heliocentric views of Copernicus. He was put under house arrest by the church because of his "heretical behavior". In 1644, Italian inventor Evangelista Torricelli invented the barometer and began studying characteristics of the atmosphere. Venezia dramatically lost Crete in a war in 1669. In 1706 Austria captured Milan from Spain. Three years later, Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the piano, one of the most important instrumental developments.
    In 1718, Spain invaded Southern Italy, but the Spanish were expelled in 1720 by the Quadruple Alliance (Britain, Spain, Austria, and Savoy). In 1736, the last Medici died and Tuscany was inherited by Austria's Franz I Hasburg.
    Germany:
    In 1618 in Germany the Thirty Years War began. It was primarily sparked by tension between Protestants and Catholics. It ended in 1648, but it had devastated much of Germany and her population. Disease and famine were widespread, entire regions were denuded, and most of the strong German combatant powers went bankrupt. At the Battle of Vienna in 1683, the Holy Roman Empire put an end to the Westward expansion of the Ottoman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire's army in this battle lead the largest cavalry charge in the history of warfare. The empire came to an end starting in 1648 however, for in the Peace of Westphalia the various territories of the empire gained almost complete sovereignty. From 1740 onward, the political scene of Germany was dominated by the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Prussia.

    Both groups came to America for religious freedom because in England they were only allowed to practice Anglicanism. However, the Pilgrims were separatists who wanted to connection with the Church of England, while the Puritans simply wanted to refine and purify the tenets of the Anglican church.
    They ended up going to the Netherlands because there they could have religious freedom.
    (view changes)
    6:28 am

Thursday, December 16

  1. page Pg. 25-74 edited ... String Selections - varied timbres can be produced by selecting the string something is play…
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    String Selections -
    varied timbres can be produced by selecting the string something is played on, each string has a very different timbre
    ...
    sul ___ withwith the blank
    ...
    string number
    Harmonics

    Harmonics:
    Natural - produced by placing the finger on one of the nodes (1/2, 1/3, 2/3, 1/4, 3/4, 1/5 the length of the string, etc)
    Produces a very flutey tone, devoid of upper partials (pg. 34 for chart of violin natural harmonic notes for each string)
    Notated with a diamond shape note head indicating the location to place one's finger on the string with a black stemless note above indicating the sounding pitch
    Artificial - Stopping a note and then lightly touching the string a minor third, a major third, or a fifth above the stopped note.
    Touching a minor third produces a note two octaves and a fifth higher
    Touching a third above produces a note two octave and a third higher
    Touching a fourth above produces a note two octaves higher
    Touching a fifth above produces a note an octave and a fifth above the stopped note
    Mutes - a device that attaches to the bridge and reduces the amount of vibration transmitted to the body of the instrument, produces a darker, more open sound
    Take about 5 seconds to put on a mute, 3 seconds to take off a mute, come in wood, metal, leather, rubber, bone, and plastic
    Col Legno - bowing with the wood of the bow, col legno tratto for wood being drawn across strings, col legno battuto for percussive striking of the strings with the bow. To return to the hairs, use instruction modo ordinario
    Sul Ponticello - bowing near the bridge, produces a glassy, unearthly, metal-scratching quality
    Sul Tasto - played near the fingerboard, unfocused with little body, flutelike (flautando)
    Glissando - the sliding between pitches using every intervening possible pitch (sliding with a trombone or a finger along the fingerboard, chromatic scale on the piano), glissando lasts for the duration of the note notated to gliss from. Pizz. glissandos are very effective in lower strings
    Portamento - Sliding from one pitch to the next but stopping a half or whole step above or below the note, then changing fingers to go directly to the note
    Fingered Tremolos - the rapid switching between two notes, either by stopping and unstopping a not on the same string or by switching strings, can be measured or unmeasured
    Bariolate - alternation between two or more strings, higher strings often open and produce low pitches in passage, lower strings produce higher pitches, used to facilitate passages or as a color effect
    Vibrato - assumed as a part of string technique, molto vibrato for more vibrato (use with pizz. to increase duration of sound), senza vibrato for no vibrato, can be achieved on an open pitch by fingering the same pitch on a different string and adding vibrato to that fingered pitch. Squigglies above line can indicate specifics on vibrato width and frequency
    Scordatura
    -
    (view changes)
    7:58 am

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