FACEGBD - defines major thirds and minor thirds, allows you to find chords

FAC, CEG, GBD, major triads, primary triads (no accidentals)

A chord built off the first degree of a scale gets a big capital I, major

Build off the fourth, IV, major

Fifth, V, major

Every major scale has three major chords, three minor chords (ii chord, iii, )

I, IV, and V are primary triads

Secondary triads ii, iii, vi

Nomenclature - roman numeral lettering

Major third on bottom, minor third is a major triad

Minor third on bottom, major third on top is minor triad

Number of the chord depends on what key you are in

Two minor thirds on top of each other makes a diminished triad

Step #1. Find the Key

Step #2. Find the root of the chord

Step #3. What degree of the scale is the root in relation to the key

Use FACEGBD to put the chord in order to find the root of the chord

First inversion - when the root of the chord is moved to the be the fifth of the chord (the belly of the chord is on the bottom)

Second inversion - when the fifth of the root chord is on the bottom of the chord, first and third moved up an octave



Step 1: Key signature
Step 2: Roman numeral tells you where the chord is located in the key
Step 3: Write out the notes in the chord. Build Snowman.
Step 4: Put the correct note in the bass.

Always play dimished chords in first inversion

Minor Chord Qualities - i iio III+ iv V VI viio

5 chord to six chord is ORGASMIC

play diminished chords in first inversion

Three is augmented or major, the fifth note of the scale in minor is raised a half step in chords (makes it more orgasmic)

Diminished chords are twos or sevens (two in minor, seven in minor, seven in major)

Modes:
Ionian - Same as the major scale
Dorian - A scale with a flattened 3rd and 7th Example: Scarborough Fair
Phrygian - A scale with a flattened 2nd, 3rd, 6th & 7th
Lydian - A scale with a sharpened 4th
Mixolydian - A scale with a flattened 7th Example: Norwegian Wood
Aeolian - Same as a natural minor scale. A scale with a flattened 3rd, 6th & 7th
Locrian - A scale with a flattened 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 7th

Accidental that doesn't fit - Harmonic or Melodic minor

Harmonic raised 7th
Melodic raised 6th and 7th

Fully diminished chord - 7th degree minor key
Dominant chord must be on the fifth
Half diminished in a 2 chord in minor, 7 chord major

6 - first inversion
64 - second inversion

7 - root position
65 - first inversion
43 - second inversion
42 - third inversion