Non-harmonic Tones:

Passing tone: moving to a different chord

Neighboring tone: chord, note above, same chord

Appoggiatura: jump from a chird to the ninth, then chord

  • Passing Tones: Approached by a step, left by a step in the same direction, accented passing tone if it occurs on a strong beat, unaccented occurs on a weak beat (PT)
  • Neighbor Tones: Chord, goes to either upper or lower neighbor, then back to the same chord, once again accented or unaccented (NT)
  • Suspensions: opposite of Retardations, keeps a note the same then steps downward, name determined by distance from base to the top harmonic and then the nonharmonic tone (SUS) 2-3, 4-3, 7-8, 9-8
  • Anticipations: Hear a note from the next chord happen too soon. Approached by a step, left by the same note, usually unaccented
  • Appoggiatura: Approached by a leap and left by a step, almost always accented
  • Changing Tones: go to upper neighbor and lower neighbor, then back to chord (CT)
  • Retardations: Keeps a note from the same chord then steps upward (RET)
  • Escape Tones: Press hand onto a hot stove, then leap away. Approached by a step then leaps in the opposite direction. Cannot be accented (ET)
  • Cambiata: Same as appogiatura except the leap is on a weak beat and the step is on a strong beat
  • Free Tone: Approached by a leap then left by a leap
  • Pedal Tone: A not stays the same while others change
  • Chromatic Passing Tone: Note that doesn't fit and isn't a named non-harmonic tone